Wednesday, 19 Jun 2024

Bulgarian Football Stadiums

Football is a beloved sport in Bulgaria, with a rich history that dates back to its introduction in 1893. Unlike other sports, football in Bulgaria was brought in by Swiss gymnastics teachers. The first recorded football match took place in 1894 in Varna’s High School for Boys. Interestingly, one of the founding members of the successful Turkish football team Galatasaray was a Bulgarian named Blagoy Balakchiev.

Introduction to Bulgarian Football

On the international stage, the Bulgarian national team has had its ups and downs. In 1930, they declined an invitation to participate in the World Cup due to work commitments. It was probably for the best, considering their first-ever match was a 6-0 loss to Austria. From 1930 to 1960, Bulgaria struggled to qualify for any international tournaments. However, they found success in the 1960s and ’70s, qualifying for multiple tournaments but failing to advance past the group stage.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Bulgarian football, including the different types of stadiums, the league system, the national team’s accomplishments, and the history of the sport in Bulgaria.

Bulgarian Stadiums

Bulgaria boasts a diverse range of stadiums in terms of size and style. While they may not be as grand as those in countries like Spain or England, they have their own unique charm. The largest stadium in Bulgaria is the Vasil Levski National Stadium, with a capacity of approximately 43,000. Most stadiums in Bulgaria have a capacity of around 10,000 or less. The majority of them follow the “English Style” with stands on each edge of the pitch, although there are a few that have a more “European Style” with continuous seating around the perimeter.

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Vassil Levski National Stadium Bulgaria
Image Source: Railroadwiki, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Bulgarian Leagues

The Bulgarian football league system allows even the smallest teams to dream of becoming champions. The system is composed of the First Professional Football League and the Second Professional Football League, which are the two professional leagues. Below these are four amateur leagues divided by geographical location, each consisting of eighteen teams.

The First Professional Football League, also known as A Group, comprises fourteen teams. The league season is split into two sections. The first section involves each team playing against all others once at home and once away. After 26 games, the playoffs begin. The top six teams play two additional games against each other to determine the champions. The remaining teams are divided into Group A and Group B, playing against each other to decide who will be relegated.

Bulgaria National Team

The Bulgarian national team had a rocky start, losing their first game 6-0 and struggling to qualify for major tournaments until 1962. From 1930 to 1962, known as the “wilderness years,” Bulgaria only qualified for smaller tournaments such as the Balkan Cup. However, their fortunes changed in 1962 when they qualified for the FIFA World Cup and made subsequent appearances in the UEFA European Championships.

Their best World Cup performance came in 1994 when they reached the semi-finals but were defeated by Italy. They faced Sweden in the third-fourth place play-off, ultimately losing 4-0. Hristo Stoichkov, a Bulgarian football legend, won the Golden Boot alongside Russia’s Oleg Salenko.

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Hristo Stoichkov Bulgaria
Image Source: Movin993

Key Stats

  • Bulgaria’s national team first played in 1924.
  • They have played in three World Cups and four European Championships.
  • The team’s highest FIFA ranking was 8th in 1995.

History Of Football In Bulgaria

Football in Bulgaria was introduced by Swiss gymnastic teachers in 1893, but it took some time for it to gain popularity. The first football club, Futbol Club, was formed in 1909, followed by PFC Botev Plovdiv in 1912 and PFC Slavia Sofia in 1913. PFC Levski Sofia, now known as PFC CSKA Sofia, was formed in 1914, a decade before the national team’s debut.

Sadly, modern football in Bulgaria has been marred by corruption. Between 2003 and 2013, 15 club bosses in the top division were murdered.


1. How many stadiums are there in Bulgaria?
Bulgaria has a wide range of stadiums, with the largest being the Vasil Levski National Stadium, which can accommodate around 43,000 spectators. Most stadiums in the country have a capacity of less than 10,000.

2. How does the Bulgarian league system work?
The Bulgarian football league system consists of two professional leagues, the First Professional Football League and the Second Professional Football League. Below these are four amateur leagues divided by geographical location.

3. Has Bulgaria’s national team ever won a major tournament?
No, Bulgaria’s national team has not won a major tournament. Their best performances include reaching the semi-finals of the 1994 World Cup and the quarter-finals of the 1968 UEFA European Championships.

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4. When was football first introduced to Bulgaria?
Football was introduced to Bulgaria in 1893 by Swiss gymnastic teachers.


Bulgarian football has a fascinating history and a unique charm. From the diverse range of stadiums to the intricacies of the league system and the successes and challenges of the national team, there is much to explore and celebrate. Despite the ups and downs, the passion for football in Bulgaria remains unwavering, making it an exciting and vibrant part of the country’s sporting culture.

For more information about Bulgarian football, visit the official Movin993 website.