Wednesday, 12 Jun 2024

Football Club Kit Colours

Liverpool Kit 1892 to 1896

Football is a sport of many intricacies, and one aspect that often goes unnoticed is the color of a team’s kit. The kit is not just a uniform; it tells a story, reflects a team’s history, and even affects gameplay. Let’s delve into this important but often overlooked aspect of football.

Football Team Home and Away Kit Colours





Why Do We Need Kit Colours?

To understand the significance of kit colours, let’s start with the basics: why do they even matter?

Finding A Teammate

In the fast-paced game of football, players often rely on peripheral vision to locate their teammates. With limited time to react, it’s crucial to distinguish teammates from opponents quickly. That’s why teams avoid having socks of the same color to prevent confusion on the pitch. Interestingly, this has led to some unique situations, like Manchester United changing their kit at halftime due to visibility issues.

Helping Referees

Distinctive kit colours are also vital for referees. They need to differentiate players, especially when determining fouls or handballs. Without proper contrast, it becomes challenging for referees and their assistants to make accurate decisions. Even the Premier League and FA Cup had different rules regarding kit colours in the past.

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Psychological Advantage

Kit colours can also have a psychological impact on players and the opposition. Liverpool, under the guidance of Bill Shankly, switched to an all-red kit, which coincided with their success in the European Cup and FA Cup. While not every winning team wears red, different colors can have varying effects on players’ mindset and performance.


Financial success is closely tied to a team’s performance on and off the pitch. Clubs heavily rely on merchandise sales, and replica kits play a significant role in generating revenue. That’s why clubs release new kits every season, enticing supporters to keep adding to their collections. Unique and eye-catching designs often drive increased sales figures.

Exploring Kit Colours

Let’s take a closer look at a few intriguing stories behind some teams’ kit colours.


Barcelona Colours

FC Barcelona, founded in November 1899, adopted blue and red as their kit colours. One of the players and director, Arthur Witty, suggested these colours, inspired by the rugby team of Merchant Taylors School in Liverpool and FC Basel, where club founder Joan Gamper previously played.


Arsenal owes its red kit to Nottingham Forest. When the club was formed in 1886, several players from Nottingham Forest joined Dial Square FC, later to become Arsenal. To save costs, the club decided to wear the same colors as their former Forest teammates, and the tradition continues today.


Juventus’ iconic black and white stripes were not their original kit. Initially, they played in pink shirts with black ties, handmade by one player’s father. However, the color faded after each wash, prompting a change. John Savage, an English team member, arranged for black and white striped shirts from his favorite club, Notts County, and Juventus has donned those colors ever since.

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Blackpool’s distinctive orange kit has an interesting origin. Albert Hargreaves, a referee, noticed the bright orange tops worn by a Dutch team during his visit to the Netherlands in 1923. Impressed by the color, he suggested Blackpool adopt it, and they have proudly worn orange ever since.


In the past, referees donned blazers during matches, with black being the predominant color. Only when teams wore black did referees switch to red tops. It wasn’t until the 1994 World Cup that FIFA introduced a wider variety of colors for officials to choose from. Nowadays, referees have five options: black, red, yellow, green, or blue.


  • Q: Do teams have a say in their kit colors?

    • A: Yes, teams have a significant influence on their kit colors. Factors such as tradition, historical significance, psychology, and marketing considerations play a role in determining a team’s kit.
  • Q: How often do teams change their kits?

    • A: Many top clubs release new kits every season, with some even offering multiple choices. This strategy helps drive merchandise sales and enhances the club’s revenue streams.


Football kit colors tell compelling stories, connect teams to their heritage, and impact the game itself. From aiding player identification to influencing referees’ decisions, the importance of distinctive kit colors cannot be overstated. So, next time you’re watching a match, take a moment to appreciate the fascinating details and psychology behind the colors on the pitch. To learn more about football and stay updated on the latest news, visit Movin993.